Africa’s Street Children And The Rest Of Us

In many rural areas in Africa, villages, towns-women and men boast of having ostracized a witch child. Witchcraft accusations against children in Africa nonetheless have received international attention. Though the phenomenon of witch-hunts in sub-saharan Africa is ancient, the problem is reportedly on the rise. This is due to charismatic preachers, conflict, fragmenting communities and of course poverty (E. O. Parrinder, 2012).

The Beliefs In, and Presence of Witch Children in Africa

Somewhere in Africa, there is a kid with a pathetic belly, matchstick legs, fleshless rib-cage and soulful eyes. Like vultures on hospital rooftops, this kid is a patient residence of nowhere, yet carries the tag of being a witch.

Ridiculous reasons why children could be witches normally range from bed-wetting to being clever, or naturally stubborn. Sadly, children agree that they are witches, just so they could end their torturous ordeals (Jean La Fontaine, 2012).

No! This kid is not prepared to meet a medical practitioner, he/she would be subjected to violent exorcism rituals – by a mix of different shrines.

A failed exorcism – and this is mostly the case – expels the child to the streets, for traffickers or to the waiting hands of death. This here was the story of a little boy rescued by Anja Ringgren Lovèn (a blond-haired Danish woman, whose risky steps to Africa’s rural areas gave birth to ACAEDF. Refreshingly, ACAEDF is not a religious crusade, nor a romantic adventure into the blurry yet dark corners of Africa.

It is hope carrying the name: “African Children’s Aid Education and Development Foundation.”
About witch children, Leo Igwe had put this most succinctly:

“[children] are taken to churches where they are subjected to inhumane and degrading torture in the name of ‘exorcism.’ They are chained, starved, hacked with machetes, lynched or murdered in cold blood.”

Hence, beliefs in child witches piercing through Nigeria to Angola, as well as Ethiopia to the Congo and other places, are as much dangerous and scary – as far as statistics from UNICEF et al., has shown.

In these parts of Africa, and in Nigeria most notoriously, “socio-economic problems and tensions are reflected in the collective consciousness of the people as acts of witchcraft. Everyday problems arising from the dissolution and disintegration of society are blamed on witches. Hence, protection is sought from a witch-doctor.”

The Way Forward

Ironically, while it was the case that modernism weakened beliefs in witches in 18th century Europe, urbanization has in fact, rather helped to boast belief in witches in most parts of Africa. It is therefore important to clearly elucidate the relevance of traditional cultures in existence in Africa.

One may clearly forget the strategic roles of witches in primitive societies, but it’s not easy to forget the targets of witch-hunters namely: women and children.
That’s why to eliminate or minimize certain toxic cultural practices (such as witch-hunting), a notorious engagement must be made by intelligent communities.

There is need for Africans to learn the act and science of mastering productive forces, and subjecting them to their wills through conscious planning. In our quest to be on the same – if not a daring – pedestal with the rest of the world, there’s also a need to revisit our literatures. We need to ask ourselves: from where does the child become a source of ‘bad luck’ and hatred to the community? What is the place of generational conflicts, deteriorating educational systems, and religiously-inspired films in legitimizing beliefs about children witches?

Maybe, along the margins of attempting to answer these questions (and others), the age of enlightenment will finally kiss Africa and the rest of us.


1) “Witchcraft in Nigeria and Why It Has Such a Hold on People’s Minds,” November, 2002 in

2) Erich Leistner, “Witchcraft and African Development,” in African Security Review, Vol. 23, 2014, 53- 77.

3) E. O. Parrinder, “African Ideas of Witchcraft,” 30th May, 2012, 142 – 150.

Author: David Francis

Alright reserved 2019
Ray Of Thought

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David Francis
David Francis E. is a philosopher, research consultant, a certified editor, ebook publisher, teacher, and a Nigerian writer. His works and poems have been published in "The PLASU Journal," Plateau State, "The Periscope Magazine," Abuja, "The Seeker's Delight Magazine," Kaduna, "Community Voice Magazine," Ogun State as well as in elsieisyblog, bismarkcave, naijapeek, Medium, his blog, and other places. A former Associate Editor of the 'Periscope Magazine,' he is the Editor-in-Chief of both Sapientia African Leadership Formation, e. V Address: Badenstedter Street, 99 30453, Hannover, Germany and the African Home Reintegration, Spinnereistrasse 1A 30449, Hannover, Germany. David Francis is a founding member of Anti-Suicide Global Initiative, Abuja, a member of, and the Abuja Literary Society. He's crazy about performance poetry to the extent of sponsoring competitions in secondary schools. He believes that the gods first played basketball before discovering chess. And that everyone got an energy the Universe responds to. He loves exceptions, and tweets @Davidfrancisef.


  1. Mr. Francis, as the American Ambassador to Land of Hope children’s center, which is exemplary in rescuing the so-called witch child and then providing him/her with a broad-based, wonderful life, I sincerely appreciate this very cogent thesis on the “witch phenomenon.” Your piece helps to let the world know…as each and every day, we educate against this superstition, and save more and more innocent children. Bless you for this intelligent report. I will refer to it in my own media work on behalf of the organization. –Robert-Allan Arno, American Ambassador, Land of Hope, Eket, Nigeria


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